Diabetes Specialist

Charles F. Lovell, M.D. FACP PC

Board Certified Internal Medicine Physician located in Norfolk, VA

Whether your diabetes stems from genetics or environmental factors, it’s important to know you’re not alone. Nearly 10% of residents in the United States live with some form of diabetes. Charles F. Lovell, M.D., in Norfolk, Virginia, is dedicated to diagnosing diabetes quickly and treating it effectively so you can live normally and comfortably. If you have questions about treating diabetes, book an appointment online or over the phone with Dr. Lovell today.

Diabetes Q & A

What is diabetes?

There are several types of diabetes, but they all have one thing in common: high blood sugar. Your body produces a hormone called insulin. Insulin transfers the sugar in your blood to your cells, which in turn gives your body energy to function. If you don’t produce enough insulin, or if your body can’t use insulin effectively, high amounts of sugar will build up in your blood.

If left untreated, diabetes can lead to nerve damage, poor eyesight, and organ damage. It’s important to get a diagnosis quickly so you can begin treatment as soon as possible.

What are the most common types of diabetes?

There are several types of diabetes. If you have high blood sugar, but it isn’t high enough to warrant a diabetes diagnosis, Dr. Lovell may diagnose you with prediabetes and recommend frequent checkups. The most common types of diabetes are:

Type 1

Type 1 diabetes accounts for about 10% of diabetic patients. It is caused by an overactive immune system that attacks the cells that make insulin. This results in uncontrolled blood sugar levels.

Type 2

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. If you have Type 2 diabetes, your body is resistant to the insulin that it produces, which then causes high blood sugar levels.


Gestational diabetes occurs in pregnant women, and it may or may not go away after birth. The placenta makes hormones that block insulin, so it can’t regulate the sugar in your blood.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

High blood sugar caused diabetes can lead to a variety of symptoms. Common symptoms of diabetes include:

  • Hunger
  • Thirst
  • Weight loss
  • Sores
  • Frequent urination
  • Blurry vision
  • Fatigue

If you notice a difference in your body’s functioning, tell Dr. Lovell about your symptoms at your next appointment. Even if you don’t notice any differences, being aware of your family history and lifestyle can help Dr. Lovell keep an eye out for signs and diagnose you early.

How is diabetes treated?

If you have Type 1 diabetes, you’ll need to take insulin to treat it. The insulin that you take will make up for the lack of insulin produced by your body.

If you have Type 2 diabetes, eating a proper diet and exercising will be recommended to maintain your health. You will also likely be given medications to lower your blood sugar.

Gestational diabetes requires constant blood sugar monitoring. If your blood sugar is high, Dr. Lovell will likely recommend that you take insulin.

If you have concerns about diabetes, or if you notice symptoms, book an appointment online or over the phone with Charles F. Lovell, M.D., today.